The aim of this study was to research the influence of psychosocial confounders on outpatient rehabilitation after arthroscopic shoulder surgery.
This retrospective study included patients who underwent such rehabilitation in a single center between January 2014 and October 2016. Shoulder function (Constant Shoulder Score) and pain (visual analog scale), improvements in these scores, and patient satisfaction were evaluated with regard to anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), self-rated return-to-work problems (Würzburg screening), and employment status.
The analysis included 176 patients. The mean (SD) Constant Shoulder Score and visual analog scale improved from 53.9 (18) to 75.4 (16.5) and 4.6 (2.1) to 2.9 (2.4) cm, respectively. A total of 84.1% of the patients were satisfied with the outcome. Unemployed patients (P = 0.001) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale–positive ones (P = 0.014) were less satisfied than their counterparts. Patients with a Würzburg screening–positive screening showed less improvement in pain (P = 0.015), function (P = 0.016), and satisfaction (P = 0.002) than those without. Unemployed reported more pain (P = 0.008) than employed patients when starting rehabilitation. At the end of rehabilitation, all psychosocial scores (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, P = 0.002; Würzburg screening, P = 0.001; unemployment, P < 0.001) negatively influenced pain, Würzburg screening (P = 0.007), and unemployment (P = 0.008) function.
Because we identified psychosocial factors that influence the success of outpatient shoulder rehabilitation, rehabilitation setup should be adjusted in patients with such problems.