The growth of physiatry in the United States is dependent on academic exposure at both the undergraduate and graduate medical education levels. Undergraduate medical education provides students with knowledge of physiatry, as well as proper understanding of human function, medical rehabilitation treatments, and of physiatrists as consultants. Graduate medical education contributes more directly to the total number of practicing physiatrists. This article presents disparities in medical student exposure to physiatry, physical medicine and rehabilitation residency positions, the number of practicing physiatrists, and physical medicine and rehabilitation–relevant patient care needs, by state. In the model, these disparities are highlighted to provide guidance and expose gaps/opportunities for targeted physiatric growth.
From the Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurological Surgery, and Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care, University of California Irvine, Orange, California (DP); University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California (RS); Association of Academic Physiatrists, Owings Mills, Maryland (TK); Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Medical Education, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (LK); PM&R, University of Missouri Health, Columbia, Missouri (GW); Department of PM&R, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri (GW); Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania (JW); and Thomas Jefferson University, Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania (JW).
All correspondence should be addressed to: Danielle Perret, MD, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California, Irvine, 101 The City Drive South, Orange, CA 92868.
Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article.