Literature ReviewEffects of Yoga on Symptoms, Physical Function, and Psychosocial Outcomes in Adults with Osteoarthritis A Focused ReviewCheung, Corjena PhD; Park, Juyoung PhD; Wyman, Jean F. PhDAuthor Information From the School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (CC, JFW); and School of Social Work, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton (JP). All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to: Corjena Cheung, PhD, University of Minnesota School of Nursing, 5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard Street, S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455. Financial disclosure statements have been obtained, and no conflicts of interest have been reported by the authors or by any individuals in control of the content of this article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.ajpmr.com). American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: February 2016 - Volume 95 - Issue 2 - p 139-151 doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000408 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract ABSTRACT Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent and disabling chronic condition. Because physical activity is a key component in OA management, effective exercise interventions are needed. Yoga is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that aims to promote flexibility, strength, endurance, and balance. Its gentle approach is potentially a safe and effective exercise option for managing OA. The purpose of this focused review is to examine the effects of yoga on OA symptoms and physical and psychosocial outcomes. A comprehensive search was conducted using seven electronic databases. Twelve reports met inclusion criteria involving a total of 589 participants with OA-related symptoms. A variety of types, frequencies, and durations of yoga interventions were reported; Hatha and Iyengar yoga were the most commonly used types. Frequency of intervention ranged from once a week to 6 days a week. Duration of the interventions ranged from 45 to 90 mins per session for 6 to 12 wks. Yoga intervention resulted in reductions in pain, stiffness, and swelling, but results on physical function and psychosocial well-being were inconclusive because of a variety of outcome measures being used. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.