The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of inclined treadmill training on the kinematic characteristics of gait
in subjects with hemiparesis.
A blind, randomized, controlled study was conducted with 28 subjects divided into two groups: the control group, submitted to partial body weight–support treadmill gait
training with no inclination, and the experimental group, which underwent partial body weight–support treadmill training at 10% of inclination. All volunteers were assessed for functional independence, motor function, balance, and gait
before and after the 12 training sessions.
Both groups showed posttraining alterations in balance (P
< 0.001), motor function (P
< 0.001), and functional independence (P
= 0.002). Intergroup differences in spatiotemporal differences were observed, where only the experimental group showed posttraining alterations in velocity (P
= 0.02) and paretic step length (P
= 0.03). Angular variables showed no significant differences in either group.
In subjects with hemiparesis, the addition of inclination is a stimulus capable of enhancing the effects of partial body weight–support treadmill gait