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Cardiovascular Adaptations to Exercise Training After Uncomplicated Acute Myocardial Infarction

Motohiro, Masayuki, MD; Yuasa, Fumio, MD; Hattori, Toshihiko, MD; Sumimoto, Tsutomu, MD; Takeuchi, Masaharu, MD; Kaida, Mutsuhito, MD; Jikuhara, Toshimitsu, MD; Hikosaka, Makoto, MD; Sugiura, Tetsuro, MD; Iwasaka, Toshiji, MD

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: September 2005 - Volume 84 - Issue 9 - p 684-691
doi: 10.1097/01.phm.0000171167.31010.f4
Research Article: Exercise: PDF Only
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Motohiro M, Yuasa F, Hattori T, Sumimoto T, Takeuchi M, Kaida M, Jikuhara T, Hikosaka M, Sugiura T, Iwasaka T: Cardiovascular adaptations to exercise training after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005;84:684–691.

Objective: This study examined the cardiovascular adaptations of an exercise training program and evaluated the role of peripheral vasodilator capacity in contributing to these adaptations after myocardial infarction.

Design: A total of 44 consecutive patients with uncomplicated myocardial infarction underwent 3 wks of exercise training. Controls (n = 12) with comparable myocardial infarction were selected from our database and were restricted to a program with minimal activity. All patients performed cardiopulmonary exercise testing with hemodynamic measurements. Forearm and calf reactive hyperemic flow were measured by venous occlusive plethysmography as indices of peripheral vasodilator capacity.

Results: Despite no change in arteriovenous oxygen difference at peak exercise after training, training resulted in significant increases in oxygen consumption, cardiac output, and stroke volume and a significant decrease in systemic vascular resistance at peak exercise (overall, P < 0.05). Calf reactive hyperemic flow increased significantly after training (P < 0.001), but forearm reactive hyperemic flow did not. Furthermore, increase in calf reactive hyperemic flow after training had a positive correlation with increases in peak cardiac output, stroke volume, and oxygen consumption after training and an inverse correlation with peak systemic vascular resistance.

Conclusions: Exercise training improved exercise tolerance by improving hemodynamic responses to exercise after myocardial infarction. This improved exercise performance was linked to a training-induced increase in calf vasodilator capacity.

From the Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to Fumio Yuasa, MD, CCU, Kansai Medical University, 10-15 Fumizono-cho, Moriguchi City, Osaka 570-8507, Japan.

Copyright © 2005 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.