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Musculoskeletal Aspects of Pregnancy

Borg-Stein, Joanne MD; Dugan, Sheila A. MD; Gruber, Jane DPT, MS, OCS

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: March 2005 - Volume 84 - Issue 3 - p 180-192
doi: 10.1097/01.PHM.0000156970.96219.48
Invited Review: Musculoskeletal

Borg-Stein J, Dugan S, Gruber J: Musculoskeletal aspects of pregnancy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005;84:180–192.

Sex-specific care of musculoskeletal impairments is an increasingly important topic in women’s health. This is clinically relevant and of paramount importance as it pertains to diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal and peripheral neurologic disorders of pregnancy and the puerperium. It is estimated that virtually all women experience some degree of musculoskeletal discomfort during pregnancy, and 25% have at least temporarily disabling symptoms. This review provides information on common pregnancy-related musculoskeletal conditions, including a discussion of anatomy and physiology, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of these disorders.

Supplemental Digital Content is Available in the Text.

From the Rehabilitation Center, Spaulding and Newton–Wellesley Hospital, Wellesley, Massachusetts.

Photos 1–3 are available for viewing in color as supplemental material on the Journal’s website at;jsessionid=CnjUhFZ6sd72X32aFs11MbP86CqeMWCOIa8TqiBnZV5Hipakmg1h!-1778183981!-949856031!9001!-1?idx=6&

All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to Joanne Borg-Stein, MD, Spaulding and Newton–Wellesley Hospital, Rehabilitation Center, 65 Walnut Street, Wellesley, MA 02481.

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.