Literature ReviewTreating Patients with Hemiplegic Shoulder PainSnels, Ingrid A. K. PhD, MD; Dekker, Jos H. M. MD; van der Lee, Johanna H. PhD, MD; Lankhorst, Gustaaf J. PhD, MD; Beckerman, Heleen PhD, PT; Bouter, Lex M. PhDAuthor Information From the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Hospital, Vrije Universiteit (IAKS, JHVDL, GJL, HB); the Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije Universiteit (IAKS, JHVDL, GJL, HB, LMB); and the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jan van Breemen Instituut (JHMD), Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Council for Medical and Health Research (NWO-MW). Address all correspondence and requests for reprints to I. A. K. Snels, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Hospital, Vrije Universiteit, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: February 2002 - Volume 81 - Issue 2 - p 150-160 Buy SDC Abstract Snels IAK, Dekker JHM, van der Lee JH, Lankhorst GJ, Beckerman H, Bouter LM: Treating patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2002;81:150–160. Studies on the efficacy of available methods of treatment for hemiplegic shoulder pain are reviewed in an attempt to identify the most effective treatment for this problem. Because of the poor quality of the 14 selected studies, no definite conclusion can be drawn about the most effective method of treatment. However, functional electrical stimulation and intra-articular triamcinolone acetonide injections seem to be the most promising treatment options. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.