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Resistance Training and Bone Mineral Density in Women

A Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials

Kelley, George A., DA; Kelley, Kristi S., MEd; Tran, Zung Vu, PhD

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: January 2001 - Volume 80 - Issue 1 - p 65-77
Research Series Article: Meta-Analysis

Kelley GA, Kelley KS, Tran ZV: Resistance training and bone mineral density in women: a meta-analysis of controlled trials. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2001;80:65–77.

The purpose of this study was to use meta-analysis to examine the effects of resistance training on bone mineral density at the femur, lumbar spine, and radius in pre- and postmenopausal women. Resistance training had a positive effect on bone mineral density at the lumbar spine of all women and at the femur and radius sites for postmenopausal women. It was concluded that resistance training has a positive effect on bone mineral density in women.

From the Graduate Program in Clinical Investigation, MGH Institute of Health Professions (GAK, KSK), Boston, Massachusetts; and the Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (ZVT), Denver, Colorado.

All correspondence and requests for reprints should be addressed to George A. Kelley, DA, Associate Professor, Graduate Program in Clinical Investigation, Director, Meta-Analytic Research Group, MGH Institute of Health Professions, 101 Merrimac Street, Room 1059B, Boston, MA 02114-4719.

Supported by the United States Department of Defense, Army Medical Research and Material Command Award 17-98-1-8513.

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.