1 CE Test Hour Addressing Implicit Bias in Nursing A ReviewContrada, EmilyAJN The American Journal of Nursing: July 2019 - Volume 119 - Issue 7 - p 44 doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000569344.35283.52 Feature Articles Free CE Article OutlineOutline Article MetricsMetrics TEST INSTRUCTIONS PROVIDER ACCREDITATION PAYMENT Addressing Implicit Bias in Nursing: A Review GENERAL PURPOSE: LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: Back to Top | Article Outline TEST INSTRUCTIONS Read the article. Take the test for this CE activity online at www.nursingcenter.com/ce/ajn. You'll need to create and log in to your personal CE Planner account before taking online tests. Your planner will keep track of all your Lippincott Professional Development (LPD) online CE activities for you. There is only one correct answer for each question. The passing score for this test is 13 correct answers. If you pass, you can print your certificate of earned contact hours and the answer key. If you fail, you have the option of taking the test again at no additional cost. For questions, contact LPD: 1-800-787-8985. Registration deadline is June 4, 2021. Back to Top | Article Outline PROVIDER ACCREDITATION LPD will award 1 contact hour for this continuing nursing education (CNE) activity. LPD is accredited as a provider of CNE by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation. This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 1 contact hour. LPD is also an approved provider of CNE by the District of Columbia, Georgia, and Florida #50-1223. Your certificate is valid in all states. Back to Top | Article Outline PAYMENT The registration fee for this test is $12.95. Back to Top | Article Outline Addressing Implicit Bias in Nursing: A Review GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on various types of health care disparities and how implicit biases contribute to these disparities. Back to Top | Article Outline LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to summarize how implicit biases contribute to health care disparities. outline strategies to overcome implicit biases. Implicit bias is defined as mental shortcuts that help people sum up and respond to situations quickly. unconscious attitudes that precipitate unintentional discriminatory behavior. set ideas that are deliberate and often inaccurate about what someone is like. 2. A 2003 report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) confirmed that patients belonging to racial and ethnic minority groups encounter a lack of health care access. receive adequate but not superior health care services. have barriers to health care similar to impoverished populations. In addition to the elimination of health care disparities, 3 recent publications by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services include which of the following among their overarching goals? integration of complementary therapies better pain management increased longevity The Joint Commission and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) urge health care providers to evaluate and address disparities in their personal practices. among affiliated professional groups. with their local congressional representatives. The IOM reported that one of the contributing factors to U.S. health care disparities is scarce health care facilities in underserved communities. lack of clinician education in thorough assessment and diagnosis. clinician bias toward patients of racial, ethnic, or cultural minorities. Implicit biases among health care providers are associated with which of the following negative effects on patient care? delay in discharging patients less time involved in patient care lack of referrals for specialty care Heuristics are defined as mental shortcuts that help people sum up and respond to situations quickly. unconscious attitudes that precipitate unintentional discriminatory behavior. set ideas, often inaccurate, that people have about what someone or something is like. Stereotypes are often pejorative characterizations of groups of people that are a result of international travel. consciously accepted and practiced. based on limited previous encounters. Despite an individual's commitment to egalitarian values, implicit biases may be triggered by hidden perceptions, attitudes, or memories. activities. partners. Waller and colleagues reported that nurses may be prone to implicit bias when caring for patients who are poor. obese. illiterate. FitzGerald and Hurst suggested that, compared with the population at large, implicit bias occurred among health care providers less often. more often. at about the same rate. In their systematic review, Hall and colleagues found that most health care providers harbor implicit bias toward people of color. who are elderly. who have mental illness. Among the following, provider racial bias most adversely affects recovery from an acute illness. social integration and life satisfaction. mitigation of the symptoms of chronic illness. Which of the following self-interventions to mitigate implicit bias is specifically related to mindfulness and perspective taking? counterstereotypic imaging partnership building emotional regulation The IHI recommends reducing bias through individuation, which is developing relationships with members of a different group. working with patients as equals toward a common goal. learning about the personal history of the individual. What does the T in the S.T.O.P. mindfulness technique stand for? Take some slow, deep breaths. Teach yourself to process emotional reactions. Think about the values affecting the patient encounter. The key to developing a therapeutic relationship with a patient is viewing the patient as a collaborative partner. providing culturally competent care. true caring for the patient. Which of the following strategies for mitigating implicit bias challenges nurses to understand what patients are thinking and feeling, thus seeing their illness through their eyes? individuation perspective taking partnership building Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.