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1 CE Test Hour: Addressing Food Insecurity in Vulnerable Populations

Contrada, Emily

AJN, American Journal of Nursing: January 2019 - Volume 119 - Issue 1 - p 46
doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000552586.15471.7c


  • Read the article. Take the test for this CE activity online at
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  • Registration deadline is December 4, 2020.


  • LPD will award 1 contact hour for this continuing nursing education (CNE) activity. LPD is accredited as a provider of CNE by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.
  • This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 1 contact hour. LPD is also an approved provider of CNE by the District of Columbia, Georgia, and Florida #50-1223. Your certificate is valid in all states.


  • The registration fee for this test is $12.95.

Addressing Food Insecurity in Vulnerable Populations


To discuss the factors that contribute to food insecurity and the various resources available for vulnerable patients.


After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to

  • identify the incidence of food insecurity in the United States and in vulnerable populations.
  • outline the various consequences of food insecurity.
  • list assessment tools and resources nurses can use for patients with food insecurity.
  1. About how many adults are affected by food insecurity in the United States?
    1. 1 in 10
    2. 1 in 8
    3. 1 in 6
  2. Food insecurity is
    1. a subjective feeling experienced by individuals.
    2. a household in which all members are often hungry.
    3. a socioeconomic measure describing some households.
  3. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which of the following states had the highest prevalence of food insecurity between 2014 and 2016?
    1. Mississippi
    2. Kentucky
    3. Hawaii
  4. The affordability and proximity of healthy food options describes which of the following dimensions of food insecurity?
    1. utilization
    2. stability
    3. access
  5. Inadequate food intake plus disruption in eating patterns describes
    1. moderate food security.
    2. low food security.
    3. very low food security.
  6. Food insecurity is associated with
    1. residence in a rural area.
    2. low educational attainment.
    3. home ownership.
  7. Of the following, the highest prevalence of food insecurity is among
    1. families with 3 or more children.
    2. multigenerational families.
    3. families with no children.
  8. A 2012 survey found that, compared with the national average, food in-security among veterans who had served in Iraq or Afghanistan was
    1. significantly less.
    2. almost double.
    3. more than triple.
  9. Among older Americans, which of the following may be a reliable predictor of food insecurity?
    1. limitations in income
    2. inability to engage in food preparation
    3. out-of-pocket medical expenses related to poor health
  10. Of the following groups, which has the highest prevalence of food insecurity?
    1. college students
    2. the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community
    3. active-duty military families
  11. Within the LGBT community, food insecurity is more common among
    1. men.
    2. those who are unmarried.
    3. those ages 50 years and older.
  12. Compared with children from food-secure households, those from food-insecure households have a 4% greater chance of developing
    1. asthma.
    2. bulimia.
    3. diabetes.
  13. Metallinos-Katsaras and colleagues reported that persistent household food insecurity—without hunger—was associated with a 22% increased risk of developing
    1. anemia.
    2. obesity.
    3. anorexia.
  14. In their survey of health care providers, Hoisington and colleagues found that what percentage routinely inquired about household food sufficiency?
    1. fewer than 13%
    2. about 25%
    3. nearly 40%
  15. The Hunger Vital Sign screening tool asks subjects which of the following statements is often true or sometimes true?
    1. “Within the past 6 months, we worried whether our food would run out before we got money to buy more.”
    2. “Within the past 12 months, we have noticed weight loss in one or more family members.”
    3. “Within the past 12 months, the food we bought just didn't last and we didn't have money to get more.”
  16. Which of the following is a federally subsidized program through which community sponsors host meals for food-insecure children and others at a specific time of year?
    1. Food Rx
    2. the Summer Food Service Program
    3. the Child and Adult Care Food Program
  17. Which of the following programs offers on-site education or works with community partners to teach food-insecure clients how to shop, cook, and budget for healthy food options?
    1. the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
    2. the Commodity Supplemental Food Program
    3. the Senior Farmers Market Nutrition Program
  18. Which of the following programs makes food available to the states, which then provide it to local agencies such as food banks?
    1. the Farmers Market Nutrition Program
    2. the Child and Adult Care Food Program
    3. the Emergency Food Assistance Program
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