1 CE Test Hour: Managing Movement Disorders: A Clinical Review
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- Registration deadline is December 4, 2020.
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Managing Movement Disorders: A Clinical Review
To provide information about methods to assess muscle tightness, spasticity, and clonus.
After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to
- outline methods to assess various muscle disorders.
- distinguish the pathophysiology underlying each of these disorders.
- identify the recommended treatments for these disorders.
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- Which of the following movement disorders is myogenic?
- muscle tightness
- Which of the following types of skeletal muscle contractions allows people to lift objects?
- Which of the following types of skeletal muscle contractions commonly leads to skeletal muscle injuries?
- The muscle-specific stem cells that proliferate after a muscle strain, fuse into myotubes, and fill in the tear are
- satellite cells.
- After an acute injury, the usual recommendation is to
- apply ice for the first 24 hours and heat later.
- apply heat for the first 24 hours and ice later.
- alternate ice and heat for the first 24 hours.
- When using ice after an acute injury, patients should apply it in increments of
- 5 to 10 minutes.
- 15 to 20 minutes.
- 25 to 30 minutes.
- When using heat to relieve chronic muscle tightness, patients should apply it in increments of
- 10 to 15 minutes.
- 20 to 25 minutes.
- 30 to 35 minutes.
- Which of the following medications is prescribed to manage muscle tightness?
- Chronic muscle tightness can result in
- focal seizures.
- Which of the following may cause spasticity?
- sustained postures
- skeletal trauma
- multiple sclerosis
- The annual incidence of lower limb spasticity is lowest in patients with which of the following?
- spinal cord injury
- traumatic brain injury
- Some degree of spasticity may benefit certain patients because it can help with
- reducing pain.
- relieving paresthesias.
- Spasticity typically results from
- alterations in the forces generated during muscle contraction.
- depolarization of the spindles that trigger action potentials.
- disruption of upper motor neuronal pathways.
- Zorowitz and colleagues noted that which of the following can exacerbate the symptoms of spasticity?
- gastroesophageal reflux
- pressure injuries
- The Ashworth scale was developed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of which of the following medications in reducing spasticity?
- Adverse effects of centrally acting antispasmodic medications include
- dry mouth.
- Good candidates for an intrathecal baclofen pump are patients who
- require higher baclofen doses.
- have upper limb spasticity.
- find oral dosing inconvenient.
- Clonus is more often induced in which of the following body sites?
- With clonus, the first oscillation is always the
- same length as the next one.
- Clonus can be managed medically with which of the following medications?