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1.5 CE Test Hours

Original Research

Physical Activity Among Chinese American Immigrants with Prediabetes or Type 2 Diabetes

Contrada, Emily

AJN The American Journal of Nursing: February 2018 - Volume 118 - Issue 2 - p 33,41
doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000530222.25588.26
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Physical Activity Among Chinese American Immigrants with Prediabetes or Type 2 Diabetes

GENERAL PURPOSE:

To present the results of a study conducted among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes on this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity.

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LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES:

After completing this educational activity, you should be able to

  • discuss background information helpful in understanding the purpose and goals of this study.
  • identify the design and methods of this study.
  • discuss the authors’ findings and implications for practice.
  1. In the United States in 2014, diabetes was among the leading causes of death overall, ranking
    1. fifth.
    2. sixth.
    3. seventh.
  2. In the United States in 2014, how did diabetes rank as a cause of death among Asian Americans?
    1. fifth
    2. sixth
    3. seventh
  3. Prediabetes is characterized by
    1. constant hunger.
    2. impaired fasting glucose.
    3. frequent episodes of hypoglycemia.
  4. Compared with Chinese living in China, people identifying as Chinese American appear to be at what risk for prediabetes?
    1. lower risk
    2. the same risk
    3. higher risk
  5. According to national survey data, what proportion of Asian American adults engage in regular, sufficient physical activity?
    1. one-quarter
    2. one-third
    3. half
  6. A survey by Shelley and colleagues found that, compared with other minorities, Chinese Americans had more
    1. dental problems.
    2. vision problems.
    3. hearing problems.
  7. Which research method did the authors of this study use?
    1. meta-analysis
    2. case–control design
    3. concurrent mixed-methods design
  8. Participants were excluded from the authors’ study if they
    1. had a body mass index greater than 30.
    2. were older than 65 years of age.
    3. had a physical disability.
  9. Almost half of the participants
    1. were unemployed or retired.
    2. had an elementary school education or less.
    3. had lived in the United States for more than 30 years.
  10. The most common physical activity reported by the study participants was
    1. parking far away.
    2. walking up stairs.
    3. housekeeping.
  11. The category that accounted for the most physical activity was
    1. being active.
    2. strength training.
    3. flexibility exercises.
  12. The category that accounted for the least physical activity was
    1. being active.
    2. strength training.
    3. flexibility exercises.
  13. The most commonly performed activity was
    1. tai chi.
    2. walking.
    3. swimming.
  14. The mean duration of vigorous physical activity was
    1. 17 minutes per week.
    2. 26 minutes per week.
    3. 31 minutes per week.
  15. Of the participants completing the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Chinese (IPAQ-C), a majority reported receiving information about physical activity from
    1. friends.
    2. newspapers.
    3. family physicians.
  16. Of the participants completing the IPAQ-C, the fewest reported receiving information about physical activity from
    1. endocrinologists.
    2. the Internet.
    3. nurses.
  17. Content analysis of qualitative data for the interviewed participants revealed 3 types of barriers to physical activity, one of which was
    1. low self-esteem.
    2. work-related barriers.
    3. cost of gym memberships.
  18. After completion of data collection, the researchers provided participants with
    1. a free face-to-face lifestyle modification consultation.
    2. an appointment with an endocrinologist.
    3. coupons for local supermarkets.
  19. Limitations of the study included
    1. its mixed-methods design.
    2. the possibility of recall bias.
    3. the fact that all the researchers self-identified as Chinese or Chinese American.
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