In the News
HIV and AIDS
- Global condom use among men doubled over the past five years.
- In 2008 there were 200,000 fewer AIDS-related deaths than in 2004.
- A vaginal microbicide gel containing the antiretroviral drug tenofovir used during intercourse showed promise in giving women a prevention tool they can control.
- An estimated 42,000 preventable deaths from HIV occurred in pregnant women.
Source: UNAIDS report, MDG6: Six Things You Need to Know About the AIDS Response Today (http://bit.ly/9M3gCx)
- As many as 80% of cholera cases can be treated with oral rehydration salts.
- As we went to press, cholera (which is a preventable disease) had killed more than 700 in Haiti and more than 1,800 in central Africa in 2010.
Sources: World Health Organization, cholera fact sheet (http://bit.ly/cQ7oY0) and Global Alert and Response: Cholera in Central Africa (http://bit.ly/ancmoJ); Pan American Health Organization updates (http://bit.ly/1afJjr)
- Prevention projects (insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying) save an estimated 485 children from malarial death every day.
- Malaria prevention programs in several African countries are lacking as much as 90% of the funding they need for full implementation.
Source: Roll Back Malaria Progress and Impact Series, Saving Lives with Malaria Control: Counting Down to the Millennium Development Goals (http://bit.ly/cHheFW)
(For more on goals and progress toward malaria elimination, see the Lancet's series on the topic at http://bit.ly/aTg1FO)
- Fifteen African countries launched a synchronized campaign to eradicate polio by immunizing 72 million children.
- Polio remains endemic in Nigeria, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
Source: World Health Organization, Africa Seizes Chance Against Polio (http://bit.ly/bnlHVO)
- The incidence of colorectal cancer declined over the past 20 years, which is attributed to increased screening that facilitates the detection and removal of precancerous polyps.
- An estimated 51,370 deaths from colorectal cancer occurred in 2010, accounting for 9% of all cancer deaths in the United States.
Source: American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts and Figures 2010 (http://bit.ly/cXBFdn)