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Behavioral and Psychosocial Interventions for Family Caregivers

AJN, American Journal of Nursing: September 2008 - Volume 108 - Issue 9 - p 53
doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000336417.50193.90
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LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to

  • discuss the characteristics of effective interventions for family caregivers and the design problems in and new approaches to caregiver intervention research.

1. Interventions that take a psychoeducational or psychotherapeutic approach allow caregivers to

a. access a variety of services through a care coordination network.

b. apply the general information they receive to their specific situations.

c. participate in Web-based conferences related to home care issues.

d. receive education on a wide range of topics that may assist them in providing care.

2. The results of trials using only case management to provide help to caregivers have shown that

a. caregivers did not improve on measures of well-being or burden.

b. use of institutional care was delayed.

c. caregivers were better able to provide illness-specific care.

d. use of state-funded resources decreased.

3. According to the authors, the best example of a flexible intervention for caregivers is one in which

a. RNs provide case management for home caregivers.

b. the counselor has considerable latitude in allocating time to different problems.

c. psychotherapists are incorporated into the care plan to support caregivers.

d. the caregiver determines which services to use based on an instructional videotape.

4. What were the effects of a study in which caregivers' relatives attended adult day services at least twice a week for three months?

a. caregivers reported more intense depression

b. caregivers had more symptoms of separation anxiety

c. caregivers had lower care-related strain levels

d. 30% of caregivers were disappointed with the service provided

5. Which of these is one of the problems in the design of some caregiver intervention studies?

a. goals relate only to the needs of the care recipient

b. heterogeneity of caregivers' social roles figures predominantly

c. outcomes are not measurable

d. treatment is mismatched to caregivers' needs

6. How would researchers measure success when providing preventive interventions?

a. decreased incidence of rehospitalization

b. improvement in caregivers' management of current stressors

c. only minimal increases in the subsequent occurrence of negative outcomes

d. decreased rate of institutionalization of family members

7. How does a clinical intervention differ from an adaptive intervention?

a. An adaptive intervention cannot be replicated.

b. In a clinical intervention, participants are assigned to specific treatment components based on their own risk factors.

c. A clinical intervention is scientifically invalid.

d. An adaptive intervention uses operational rules to determine the type and amount of treatment.

8. According to the authors, in future research, targeted risk factors should be related to

a. outcome measures.

b. conflict resolution.

c. resolving financial issues.

d. caregivers' lack of information.


© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.