CE 2.5 HOURS Continuing Education
EARN CE CREDIT ONLINE
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GENERAL PURPOSE: To describe for registered professional nurses how to use and interpret the Hospital Admission Risk Profile (HARP) to screen hospitalized older patients for their risk of functional decline.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article and taking the test on the next page, you will be able to
- discuss the need for using a hospital risk assessment tool.
- outline the appropriate use of the HARP.
- summarize the development and outcomes of the HARP.
To take the test online, go to our secure Web site atwww.nursingcenter.com/CE/ajn.
To use the form provided in this issue,
- record your answers in the test answer section of the CE enrollment form between pages 48 and 49. Each question has only one correct answer. You may make copies of the form.
- complete the registration information and course evaluation. Mail the completed enrollment form and registration fee of $24.95 to Lippincott Williams and Wilkins CE Group, 2710 Yorktowne Blvd., Brick, NJ 08723, by August 31, 2010. You will receive your certificate in four to six weeks. For faster service, include a fax number and we will fax your certificate within two business days of receiving your enrollment form. You will receive your CE certificate of earned contact hours and an answer key to review your results. There is no minimum passing grade.
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- Send two or more tests in any nursing journal published by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins (LWW) together, and deduct $0.95 from the price of each test.
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LWW, publisher of AJN, will award 2.5 contact hours for this continuing nursing education activity.
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LWW is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses #00012278 (CERP category A), District of Columbia, Florida #FBN2454, and Iowa #75. LWW home study activities are classified for Texas nursing continuing education requirements as Type 1. This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, provider number CEP 11749, for 2.5 contact hours.
Your certificate is valid in all states.
TEST CODE: AJNTT22
1. According to a study by Sager and colleagues, what percentage of hospitalized older adults experienced functional decline in activities of daily living (ADLs)?
2. In the same study, what percentage of the population had developed new functional declines in ADLs or independent activities of daily living (IADLs) at 3 months after discharge?
3. Which of the following is an age-related change that contributes to deconditioning in older adults?
a. decreased total body fat
b. increased stroke volume
c. decreased muscle mass
d. increased cardiac output
4. A study by Callen and colleagues found that 118 ambulatory hospitalized older patients had a median hallway-ambulation time of
a. 5.5 minutes.
b. 10.5 minutes.
c. 15.5 minutes.
d. 20.5 minutes.
5. Which of the following was identified by Sager and colleagues as 1 of 3 variables that predict functional decline?
a. multiple chronic illnesses
b. altered level of consciousness
c. reduced IADL function 4 weeks before admission
d. diminished cognitive function on admission
6. The Hospital Admission Risk Profile (HARP) uses IADL assessment because
a. loss of IADLs usually precedes loss of ADLs.
b. IADLs can be evaluated more directly than ADLs.
c. IADLs are more essential for independent living.
d. ADLs have less relevance for hospital risk.
7. It's recommended that the HARP be administered
a. on admission only.
b. on discharge only.
c. once per week during hospitalization.
d. on admission and again on discharge.
8. The largest group of questions on the HARP addresses
9. In the author's experience, it takes approximately how many minutes to complete the HARP?
a. 5 to 10
b. 10 to 15
c. 15 to 20
d. 20 to 25
10. One of the 7 IADLs that the HARP assesses is
b. walking on a treadmill.
c. using transportation.
d. remaining continent.
11. A score of 4 on the HARP indicates what level of risk?
a. no risk
b. low risk
c. intermediate risk
d. high risk
12. The HARP doesn't necessarily identify
a. patients most likely to benefit from geriatric interventions.
b. patients at various risk levels for functional decline.
c. data needed for informed decision making about goals of care.
d. the results of a structured cognitive assessment.
13. The purpose of the development phase of the HARP was to
a. estimate the effect of age-related body-system changes on cognitive decline.
b. develop a tool for evaluating the hospital environment for potential adverse effects.
c. identify risk factors predictive of ADL loss during hospitalization for a medical illness.
d. predict variability in older adults' inability to perform ADLs after hospitalization.
14. A validation study found that rates of decline in ADL performance at discharge were similar across groups in both cohorts. The low-risk groups had decline rates of
a. 10% and 12%.
b. 17% and 19%.
c. 24% and 26%.
d. 31% and 33%.
15. In the same study, at discharge, the high-risk groups had decline rates of
a. 55% and 56%.
b. 62% and 62%.
c. 69% and 70%.
d. 76% and 77%.
16. Which of the following questions can be used in assessing cognition?
a. Are you able to drive your car?
b. What are today's date and the day of the week?
c. Do you have trouble using the telephone?
d. Do you need help taking your medicine?