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Cultural Considerations in End-of-Life Care: How ethnicity, age, and spirituality affect decisions when death is imminent.

Mazanec, Polly MSN, APRN,BC, AOCN; Tyler, Mary Kay MSN, APRN,BC

AJN, American Journal of Nursing: March 2003 - Volume 103 - Issue 3 - p 50-58

How a dying patient's ethnic identity, age, and spiritual beliefs influence care—the sixth in a series on palliative nursing.

Polly Mazanec is the nurse practitioner for the Palliative Care Team at the Hospice of the Western Reserve, Cleveland, OH. She is a faculty member on the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium project and a clinical associate in the MSN Palliative Care Program at Ursuline College, Pepper Pike, OH. Mary Kay Tyler is a pediatric nurse practitioner and team leader of the Pediatric Team, Hospice of the Western Reserve.

Contact author: Polly Mazanec,

This article is the sixth in a series on palliative nursing that is supported in part by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Betty R. Ferrell, PhD, RN, FAAN (, and Nessa Coyle, MS, NP, FAAN (, are the series editors.

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.