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Acute Respiratory Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance

Hart, Ann Marie PhD, RN, FNP; Patti, Alison MPH, CHES; Noggle, Brendan MPH; Haller-Stevenson, Erica MPH, CHES; Hines, Lisa B. MPH, CHES

AJN, American Journal of Nursing: June 2008 - Volume 108 - Issue 6 - p 56–65
doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000324378.86779.bc

Antimicrobial resistance: many nurses are aware of the risk but may not know that inappropriate management of acute respiratory infection contributes to it significantly. For example, more than half of antibiotics prescribed for respiratory infections are unwarranted because viruses are the cause. It is important that nurses understand antimicrobial resistance and learn how to help patients, family members, and friends manage acute respiratory infections appropriately.

Antibiotics are often prescribed for infections that they can't treat, but even when they're appropriately given, nonadherence can lead to antimicrobial resistance. Read more about this phenomenon and the management of acute respiratory infection.

Ann Marie Hart is an assistant professor at the Fay W. Whitney School of Nursing at the University of Wyoming in Laramie. Alison Patti is the program director for the Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work campaign at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta. Brendan Noggle, formerly the drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae coordinator for the Respiratory Diseases Branch at the CDC, is a birth outcomes epidemiologist at the Georgia Division of Public Health in Atlanta. Erica Haller-Stevenson, formerly the deputy program director of the Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work campaign, is the community and media liaison for Steps to a Healthier San Antonio at the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District in TX. Lisa B. Hines, formerly a health communications specialist working on the Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work campaign, is the senior advisor for communication and outreach at the CDC's National Center for Public Health Informatics' Division of Emergency Preparedness and Response in Atlanta.

Contact author: Ann Marie Hart, The authors of this article have disclosed no other significant ties, financial or otherwise, to any company that might have an interest in the publication of this educational activity.

Managing viral infections without the inappropriate use of antibiotics.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.