Learning to 'read' your patient is as important as any lesson taught in the classroom. Based on their six-year study, these nurse researchers explain how the expert nurse combines practical experience and textbook knowledge in responding to the needs of patients.
Patricia Benner is a professor of nursing at the University of California-San Francisco. Christine A. Tanner is a professor of nursing at the Oregon Health Science University, Portland, OR, and editor of the Journal of Nursing Education. Catherine A. Chesla is an assistant professor at the University of California-San Francisco.
Adapted with permission from Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Clinical Judgment, and Ethics, by Patricia Benner, PhD, RN, FAAN, Christine A. Tanner, PhD, RN, FAAN, and Catherine A. Chesla, DNSc, RN, with contributions by Hubert L. Dreyfus, PhD, Stuart E. Dreyfus, PhD, Jane Rubin, PhD.