Do Primary Care Provider Strategies Improve Patient Participation in Colorectal Cancer Screening? : Official journal of the American College of Gastroenterology | ACG

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Do Primary Care Provider Strategies Improve Patient Participation in Colorectal Cancer Screening?

Baxter, Nancy N MD, PhD1,2,3,4; Sutradhar, Rinku MSc, PhD3,4; Li, Qing MMath3; Daly, Corinne MSc1; Honein-AbouHaidar, Gladys N MPH, PhD1; Richardson, Devon P MD, MSc2; Del Giudice, Lisa MD, MSc5; Tinmouth, Jill MD, PhD3,4,6; Paszat, Lawrence MD, MSc3,4,6; Rabeneck, Linda MD, MPH3,4,7

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American Journal of Gastroenterology 112(4):p 622-632, April 2017. | DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2017.4



Screening rates for colorectal cancer (CRC) remain suboptimal. The impact of provider strategies to enhance screening participation in the population is uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of provider strategies to increase screening in a single-payer system.


A population-based survey was conducted in primary care providers (PCPs) linked to patients using administrative data in Ontario, Canada. Patients were due for CRC screening from April 2012 to March 2013. Patients were followed up until 31 March 2014. We determined time to become up-to-date with CRC screening. Cox proportional hazards models examined the association between PCP strategies and uptake of screening, adjusted for physician and patient factors.


A total of 717 PCPs and their 147,834 rostered patients due for CRC screening were included. Most physicians employed strategies to enhance screening participation, including electronic medical record use, reminders, generation of lists, audit and feedback reports, or designating staff responsible for screening. No single strategy was strongly associated with screening. For those >1 year overdue, a systematic approach to generate lists of patients overdue for screening was weakly associated with screening uptake (hazard ratio (HR)=1.14, 95% CI: 1.03–1.26,P=0.04 >5 years overdue vs. <1 year overdue). The use of multiple PCP strategies was associated with screening participation (HR=1.27, 95% CI: 1.16–1.39,P<0.0001 for PCPs using 4–5 vs. 0–1 strategies). Practice-based strategies were self-reported.


In practice, while individual PCP strategies have little effect, the use of multiple strategies to enhance screening appears to improve CRC screening uptake in patients.

© The American College of Gastroenterology 2017. All Rights Reserved.

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