1University of Pittsburgh, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA;
2Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Veteran Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pennsylvania, USA;
3Pharmacy Benefits Management, Veterans Integrated Service Network 8, Bay Pines, Florida, USA;
4Pharmacy Benefits Management, Veterans Integrated Service Network 20, Vancouver, Washington, USA;
5Gastroenterology Section, VA Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, California, USA;
6Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia, USA;
7GI Section, Central Virginia Veterans Healthcare System, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Correspondence: Jasmohan S. Bajaj, MD. E-mail: [email protected].
*Adeyinka Adejumo and Alan Noll contributed as co-first authors.
SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL accompanies this paper at https://links.lww.com/AJG/C871