Nonceliac gluten sensitivity, or the more preferred term, nonceliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS), is a heterogenous condition that is diagnosed purely on the basis of symptoms and without an understanding of disease mechanisms and triggers. Biomarkers to identify patients and implementation of dietary treatment in a personalized manner are needed. Mansueto et al. identified a population of NCWS patients with associated autoimmune markers and immune activation. The presence of these markers could be used, in combination with other serological tests, to help develop better diagnostic strategies for NCWS.