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Eradication Efficacy of Modified Dual Therapy Compared with Bismuth-Containing Quadruple Therapy as a First-Line Treatment of Helicobacter pylori

Yang, Jing, MD1; Zhang, Yi, MD1; Fan, Ling, MD1; Zhu, Yang-Jie, MD1; Wang, Ting-Yi, MD1; Wang, Xing-Wei, MD1; Chen, Dong-Feng, MD, PhD1; Lan, Chun-Hui, MD, PhD1

American Journal of Gastroenterology: March 2019 - Volume 114 - Issue 3 - p 437–445
doi: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000000132
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OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effectiveness, adverse events, patient adherence, and costs of modified dual therapy compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori infection in Chinese patients. We also sought to determine whether modified dual therapy could be used as an alternative first-line treatment for H. pylori infection.

METHODS: A total of 232 H. pylori-infected, treatment-naive patients were enrolled in this open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups: the 14-day modified dual therapy group and the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy group. Eradication rates, drug-related adverse events, patient compliance, and drug costs were compared between the 2 groups.

RESULTS: The modified dual therapy group achieved eradication rates of 87.9%, 91.1%, and 91.1% as determined by the intention-to-treat, per-protocol, and modified intention-to-treat analyses, respectively. The eradication rates were similar compared with the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy group: 89.7%, 91.2%, and 90.4%. In addition, modified dual therapy ameliorated variations in the CYP2C19, IL-1B-511, and H. pylori VacA genotypes. There were no significant differences in the compliance rates between the 2 groups. The modified dual therapy group exhibited significantly less overall side effects compared with the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy group (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the cost of medications in the modified dual therapy was lower compared with that in the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: Modified dual therapy at high dose and administration frequency is equally effective and safer and less costly compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy.

1Department of Gastroenterology, Daping Hospital, The Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Correspondence: Chun-Hui Lan, MD, PhD. E-mail: lanchunhui@tmmu.edu.cn.

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL accompanies this paper at http://links.lww.com/AJG/A53

Received June 13, 2018

Accepted December 10, 2018

© The American College of Gastroenterology 2019. All Rights Reserved.
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