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Grading of Atrophic Gastritis is Useful for Risk Stratification in Endoscopic Screening for Gastric Cancer

Kaji, Kyosuke, MD; Hashiba, Atsushi, MD; Uotani, Chika, MD; Yamaguchi, Yasushi, MD; Ueno, Toshio, MD; Ohno, Kenji, MD; Takabatake, Ichiro, MD; Wakabayashi, Tokio, MD; Doyama, Hisashi, MD; Ninomiya, Itasu, MD; Kiriyama, Masato, MD; Ohyama, Shigekazu, MD, PhD; Yoneshima, Manabu, MD; Koyama, Nobu, MD; Takeda, Yasuo, MD; Yasuda, Kenji, MD

American Journal of Gastroenterology: January 2019 - Volume 114 - Issue 1 - p 71–79
doi: 10.1038/s41395-018-0259-5
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OBJECTIVES: In order to screen for gastric cancer effectively, its interval should be set according to the risk. This study aimed to determine whether risk stratification is possible using the data obtained from medical examination or endoscopic findings.

METHODS: First, subjects who underwent both cancer screening and medical examination from 2009 to 2015 and underwent cancer screening once more by 2016 were studied. Data such as the lipid profile and history of smoking obtained during the medical examination, and the grade of atrophy and presence of peptic ulcers were studied using multivariate analysis. Next, subjects who underwent cancer screening twice or more between 2009 and 2015 with or without medical examinations were studied to analyze any correlation between the grade of atrophy and cancer occurrence using univariate analysis. In both studies, the status of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection was determined.

RESULTS: In the multivariate analysis, 9378 subjects were included. Aging, advanced atrophy, presence of ulcers, and uric acid levels were identified as risk factors. Among subjects who underwent successful HP eradication therapy, advanced atrophy and aging were observed to be crucial risk factors. In the univariate analysis, there were 12,941 subjects. Gastric cancer occurred more frequently in the more severe atrophy group (P < 0.001). The annual rate of cancer occurrence in the most severe atrophy group was 0.31%, which was approximately thrice as that in the less atrophy group.

CONCLUSIONS: Risk stratification was possible based on endoscopic examination alone. The interval should be set depending on each case.

Kanazawa Medical Association, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan

Correspondence: Kyosuke Kaji, MD. E-mail: kkaji@kma.jp.

Received October 27, 2017

Accepted August 07, 2018

© The American College of Gastroenterology 2019. All Rights Reserved.
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