A case of spontaneous rupture of an intrahepatic bile duct with biloma formation treated by percutaneous drainage and endoscopic sphincterotomy is reported. A 73-yr-old woman was admitted with fever and abdominal pain. There was no past history of abdominal surgery, instrumentation, or trauma. Ultrasound and computed tomography revealed a massive fluid collection in the abdominal cavity. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography demonstrated extravasation of contrast medium from a distal biliary radicle in the left lobe of the liver. After successful treatment by percutaneous drainage and endoscopic sphincterotomy, the patient did well. Ultrasound and computed tomography showed resolution of the biloma. Nontraumatic bilomas are very rare: in fact, only 24 cases of spontaneous biloma have been reported. Endoscopic treatment for patients with spontaneous bilomas can be safe and effective, and should be considered.
1First Department of Surgery, Kobe University, School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
*First Department of Surgery, Kobe University, School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunokicyo Chuoku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan