The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and pharmacokinetics of maraviroc administered with standard antiretroviral prophylaxis to HIV-1 exposed infants and to determine the appropriate dose of maraviroc during the first 6 weeks of life.
A phase I, multicentre, open-label study enrolling two sequential cohorts.
IMPAACT 2007 participants enrolled by day 3 of life and were stratified by exposure to maternal efavirenz. Cohort 1 participants received two single 8 mg/kg maraviroc doses 1 week apart with pharmacokinetic sampling after each dose. Cohort 2 participants received 8 mg/kg maraviroc twice daily through 6 weeks of life with pharmacokinetic sampling at weeks 1 and 4. Maraviroc exposure target was Cavg at least 75 ng/ml. Laboratory and clinical evaluations assessed safety.
Fifteen Cohort 1 and 32 Cohort 2 HIV-exposed neonates were enrolled (median gestational age 39 weeks, 51% male). All 13 evaluable Cohort 1 infants met the pharmacokinetic target. Median exposure for the 25 evaluable Cohort 2 infants met the pharmacokinetic target but variability was high, with 17–33% of infants below target at Weeks 1 and 4. Pharmacokinetic target achievement was similar between efavirenz exposure strata. No Grade 3+ toxicities, early study or treatment discontinuations due to maraviroc occurred.
Median maraviroc exposure met the Cavg target in neonates receiving 8 mg/kg twice daily, although exposures were variable. Maternal efavirenz use did not impact maraviroc exposure and no discontinuations were due to maraviroc toxicity/intolerance. No infants acquired HIV-1 infection during follow-up. Maraviroc 8 mg/kg twice daily appears well tolerated during the first 6 weeks of life.