Adolescence is the only age group globally where HIV-associated mortality is rising, with poorer outcomes at all stages of the care cascade compared with adults. We examined post transition outcomes for young adults living with perinatal HIV.
Retrospective cohort analysis.
A tertiary Youth Friendly Service London, UK.
A total of 180 young adults living with perinatal HIV registered between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2017 contributed 921 person-years of follow-up post transition to adult services.
Youth Friendly Service with multidisciplinary care and walk-in access.
Main outcome measures:
Mortality, morbidity, retention in care, antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake and HIV-viral load suppression. Crude incidence rates are reported per 1000 person-years.
Of 180 youth registered, four (2.2%) died, 14 (7.8%) transferred care and four (2.2%) were lost to follow-up. For the 158 retained in care, the median age was 22.9 years [interquartile ranges (IQR) 20.3–25.4], 56% were female, 85% Black African, with a median length of follow-up in adult care of 5.5 years (IQR 2.9–7.3). 157 (99.4%) ever received an ART prescription, 127/157 (81%) with a latest HIV-viral load less than 200 copies RNA/ml, median CD4+ cell count of 626 cells/μl (IQR 441–820). The all-cause mortality was 4.3/1000 person-years [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2–11.1], 10 fold the aged-matched UK HIV-negative population [0.43/1000 person-years (95% CI 0.41–0.44)]. Post transition, 17/180 (9.4%) developed a new AIDS diagnosis; crude incidence rates 18.5/1000 person-years (95% CI 10.8–29.6).
While this youth-friendly multidisciplinary service achieved high engagement and coverage of suppressive ART, mortality remains markedly increased compared with the general UK population.