Qureshi Nasar M.; Coy, David H.; Garry, Robert F.; Henderson, Lee A.AIDS: June 1990 Original papers: PDF Only Abstract The transmembrane glycoprotein (gp41 or TM) of HIV-1 contains limited sequence similarity to TM of some immunosuppressive animal retroviruses. A specific HIV-1 TM sequence, denoted CS3, inhibits T-cell activation in vitro and antibody specific to CS3 has been linked to the absence of disease. CS3, when conjugated to human serum albumin (HSA) and labeled with fluorescein, binds specifically to CD4+ cell lines. Cross-linking of CS3-HSA to its binding activity on the CD4+ cell line RH9 reveals a putative subunit size of approximately 44kD. Incubation of RH9 cells with CS3-HSA prior to addition of HIV-1 prevented HIV-1-mediated cell lysis and inhibited infection. These results suggest that the CS3 region of TM plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the AIDS virus, HIV-1. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.