CASES OF NOTEViral Meningitis A Pediatric Case StudyFreer, Sarah MSN, APRN, FNP-C, ENP-C; House, David Thomas DNP, CRNP, FNP-BC, ENP-C, CNS; Hallman, Melanie Gibbons DNP, CRNP, FNP-BC, ACNP-BC, ENP-C, FAENEditor(s): Jordan, Kathleen S. DNP, RN, FNP-BC, ENP-C, SANE-P, FAEN, FAANP, Column Editor Author Information University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing. Corresponding Author: Sarah Freer, MSN, APRN, FNP-C, ENP-C, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing, 1720 2nd Ave S., Birmingham, AL 35294 ([email protected]). Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest. Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal: October/December 2020 - Volume 42 - Issue 4 - p 254-261 doi: 10.1097/TME.0000000000000318 Buy Metrics Abstract Meningitis is a significant viral, bacterial, or fungal infection of the meninges that cover and protect the brain and the spinal cord. Symptoms of meningitis may present rapidly or develop gradually over a period of days, manifesting with common prodromal flu-like symptoms of headache, photophobia, fever, nuchal rigidity, myalgias, and fatigue. Character and significance of symptoms vary by patient age. Symptoms of infection may improve spontaneously or worsen, becoming potentially lethal. Early recognition and treatment of meningitis are crucial to prevent morbidity and mortality. The case reviewed in this article focuses on viral meningitis in a pediatric patient that may be unrecognized or underreported because of indistinct symptoms. Epidemiology, pathophysiology, presentation, assessment techniques, diagnostics, clinical management, and health promotion relevant to viral meningitis are presented. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.