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The Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner's Interactions Within the Sexual Assault Response Team: A Systematic Review

Adams, Phyllis RN, MSN, WHNP-BC, SANE-A; Hulton, Linda RN, PhD

doi: 10.1097/TME.0000000000000112

Many emergency department nurses care for the sexually assaulted victim, when sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) programs are not available. Therefore, it is important for emergency department nurses to understand the roles of both the SANE and the sexual assault response team (SART). The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the current research on the integration of the SANE among the SART and evaluate the gaps in research of the SANE's role, attitude, behavior, and satisfaction within the collaborative SART. Studies published between 2004 and 2014 using key words were evaluated. A 3-stage search strategy revealed 582 articles. The articles were assessed and categorized according to Level of Evidence definitions. Twelve qualitative and mixed-methods studies were identified. Studies ranged from SART protocols or responses to situational factors to SANE relationships with other SART members. The review reflected the need for more research within the collaborative atmosphere of this multidisciplinary and interagency team that defines the SART, and the individual member's perceptions. Further studies are needed on the SANE's impact on patient outcome and the emergency department nurses role when a SANE or SART program is not available.

Department of Nursing Practice Program (Dr Hulton), Doctor of Nursing Practice Student (Ms Adams), James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Corresponding Author: Phyllis Adams, RN, MSN, WHNP-BC, SANE-A, James Madison University, 724 South Mason St, Harrisonburg, VA 22807 (

Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.

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