CASES OF NOTEEvaluation of Physicians' and Nurses' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Compliance With Family Presence During Resuscitation in an Emergency Department Setting After an Educational InterventionFerrara, Gineen DNP, FNP-C; Ramponi, Denise DNP, FNP-C, ENP-C, FAEN, FAANP, CEN; Cline, Thomas W. PhD, MBAAuthor Information ConvenientCare and Business Care settings (Dr Ferrara) and Emergency Department and ConvenientCare settings (Dr Ramponi), Heritage Valley Health System, Sewickley, Pennsylvania; School of Nursing & Health Sciences, Robert Morris University, Moon Township, Pennsylvania (Drs Ramponi and Cline); and Alex G. McKenna School, Saint Vincent College, Latrobe, Pennsylvania (Dr Cline). Corresponding Author: Gineen Ferrara, DNP, FNP-C, ConvenientCare and Business Care settings, Heritage Valley Health System, 100 Hazel Lane, Sewickley, PA 15143 ([email protected]; [email protected]). This study was supported by a grant from the Jewish Healthcare Foundation with the Alvin J. Rogal Research Award. The authors acknowledge Chris Gribschaw, II, MS, MEd, Robert Morris University, for providing his technological skill and support. The authors thank the physicians, nurses, and social workers of UPMC Mercy Hospital Emergency Department for their support throughout the completion of this study. Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest. Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal: January/March 2016 - Volume 38 - Issue 1 - p 32-42 doi: 10.1097/TME.0000000000000086 Buy Metrics Abstract Family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) has been an ongoing topic of discussion in many hospital emergency departments throughout the United States. With the current emphasis promoting patient- and family-centered care, families are now exercising their right to be present at the bedside during resuscitation. With or without a policy, there is continued resistance to allow families to remain with their loved ones during resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if an evidence-based educational intervention would increase physicians' and nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and compliance with allowing FPDR. This quasi-experimental study evaluated 30 attending physicians' and 65 registered nurses' knowledge of an existing family presence policy and their attitudes toward family presence post-educational intervention in an emergency department setting. Compliance of family presence was observed for 2 months pre- and post-educational intervention. Results show that most physicians and nurses either were not sure or were not aware that there was an existing written policy. The study demonstrated that nurses agree more than physicians that the option of FPDR is a patient/family right. The results also showed that the educational intervention had no effect on the physicians and nurses attitudes for FPDR, but it did change behaviors. Of the events involving professionals who were exposed to the educational intervention, family members were present 87.5% of the time. In contrast, only 23% of the events involving professionals who did not receive the educational intervention had families present. Ongoing staff education will heighten awareness to FPDR, make the staff more comfortable with families being present, and will presumably continue to increase invitations for FPDR. Copyright © Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.