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A review on the health hazards of anabolic steroids

Horwitz, Henrika,b; Christoffersen, Theaa

doi: 10.1097/FAD.0000000000000042
Invited Review Article
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Summary In 1935, testosterone was finally isolated and synthesized, and testosterone-analogs soon entered the world of sports. Today, the use of these performance-enhancing agents is no longer confined to the elite sports milieu, and the lifetime prevalence of anabolic steroid use among men is estimated to be around 6%. Unfortunately, these drugs are not without side effects, and the most common somatic adverse drug reactions are gynaecomastia, infertility, testicular dysfunction, and acne. Furthermore, the use of AAS is associated with a variety of psychiatric disorders and antisocial behaviour.

aDepartment of Clinical Pharmacology, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, København NV

bDepartment of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Correspondence to Henrik Horwitz, MD, PhD, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Private address: Pile Alle 5b st. tv., 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark. E-mail: henrik_horwitz@hotmail.com, henrik.horwitz@regionh.dk

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