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Lee Geropalliative Caring Model: A Situation-Specific Theory for Older Adults

Lee, Susan, M., PhD, RN, NP-C, ACHPN, FAAN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000195
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This article describes the Lee Geropalliative Caring Model (GCM), a situation-specific theory that guides geropalliative care, defined as the care of older adults in the last 2 years of life. Underpinned by the theory of human caring, the GCM offers a framework for achieving the person/family outcome of well-being by suggesting caring interventions within 4 priority domains: aligning care, keeping safe, comforting body/mind/spirit, and facilitating transitions to persons with late-stage illness, including frailty and dementia. The GCM can be used to inform practice, policy, education, and research.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Watson Caring Science Institute, Boulder, Colorado.

Correspondence: Susan M. Lee, PhD, RN, NP-C, ACHPN, FAAN, 636 Mayflower St, Duxbury, MA 02332 (

The author acknowledges Dr Jean Watson, Watson Caring Science Institute, for her insights and guidance.

The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.