Vance, Billie S. PhD, APRN, FNP-BC, CNE; Carpenter, Roger PhD, RN, CNE
Adult Health Department, School of Nursing, West Virginia University, Morgantown.
Correspondence: Billie S. Vance, PhD, APRN, FNP-BC, CNE, Adult Health Department, School of Nursing, West Virginia University, 64 Medical Center Dr, Morgantown, WV 26506 ([email protected]).
The authors acknowledge Kari Sand-Jecklin, EdD, RN, for her mentorship on this project.
This study was funded by the West Virginia University School of Nursing Dorothy M. Major Faculty Research and Development Fund.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.
Advances in Nursing Science ():10.1097/ANS.0000000000000492, March 16, 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000492