Tan Chingfen Graduate School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.
Correspondence: Jennifer DiBenedetto, PhD, RN-BC, 55 N Lake Ave, Worcester, MA 01655 ([email protected]).
The author would like to thank Donna Perry, PhD, RN, for her research mentorship, moral support, and advising throughout the dissertation process. The author would also like to thank Sybil Crawford, PhD, for her assistance with her expertise in statistics. Lastly, the author thanks Dorothy Jones, EdD, APRN, FAAN, FNI, for her theoretical and content expertise.
Jennifer DiBenedetto designed and completed the dissertation with the advisement from her committee members.
This study is a dissertation to fulfill requirements necessary for a PhD in Nursing degree at the University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School.
The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.