Original ArticlesComplexities in Studying and Practicing Nursing—A Theoretical Elaboration Based on Reflections by Nurses and Nursing StudentsÖhlén, Joakim PhD, RN; Bramstång, Annette MScN, RN; Lundin Gurné, Frida MScN, RN; Pihlgren, Anneli BSc, RN; Thonander, Marie MScN, RN; Kirkevold, Marit EdD, RNAuthor Information Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy (Drs Öhlén and Kirkevold and Mss Bramstång, Lundin Gurné, and Pihlgren), and Centre for Person-Centred Care, the GPCC (Dr Öhlén), University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Palliative Centre (Dr Öhlén) and Department for Cardiology (Ms Thonander), Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department for Nursing Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (Dr Kirkevold); and Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway (Dr Kirkevold). Correspondence: Joakim Öhlén, PhD, RN, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 457, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden ([email protected]). The study was funded by Institute of Health and Care Sciences at the University of Gothenburg. The authors give special thanks to the participating students and nurses who made the study possible and to their research colleagues Tomás Gómes Vecchio, Sofie Jakobsson, Eva Jakobsson Ung, and Eva Lidén. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.advancesinnursingscience.com). Advances in Nursing Science: October/December 2021 - Volume 44 - Issue 4 - p 368-383 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000379 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract The aim of this study was to explore nursing students' and clinically active nurses' experiential ideas about nursing to provide a foundation for a critical reflection on the complexities involved in studying and practicing nursing. Using a participatory approach, 9 experiential ideas about nursing as a subject, nursing practice, and being a nurse were identified and reflected upon with a total of 238 participants. This was followed by a theoretical analysis in relation to the clinical gaze in nursing and epistemology, which ends in an argument for a rediscovery of the broader Aristotelian view of knowledge in nursing education and practice. © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.