Original ArticlesNarratives as Borders Using an Adapted Narrative Approach to Understand the Retelling of the Physical Narratives of Trauma by Karen Women With Refugee Status Resettled in the United StatesHoffman, Sarah J. PhD; Vukovich, Maria M. PhD; Peden-McAlpine, Cynthia PhD; Robertson, Cheryl L. PhD; Wilk, Kristin BSN; Wiebe, Grey MAc; Gaugler, Joseph E. PhDAuthor Information University of Minnesota School of Nursing, Minneapolis (Drs Hoffman, Peden-McAlpine, and Robertson, Ms Wilk, and Mx Wiebe); University of Denver, Denver, Colorado (Dr Vukovich); and University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis (Dr Gaugler). Correspondence: Sarah J. Hoffman, PhD, University of Minnesota School of Nursing, 308 SE Harvard St, Minneapolis, MN 55455 ([email protected]). We acknowledge the essential contributions in early project phases by the Center for Victims of Torture, headquartered in St Paul, Minnesota. Specifically, we thank the Director of Research, Craig Higson Smith, for his guidance and expertise. We thank the Karen Organization of Minnesota for essential project and recruitment support. We attribute the depth and richness of the data, in part, to our interpreter, Ehtaguy Zar. We thank Dr Abigail Gewirtz for her guidance and mentorship. Research reported in this publication was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number K12HD055887. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Advances in Nursing Science: July/September 2021 - Volume 44 - Issue 3 - p 238-253 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000366 Buy Metrics Abstract The refugee narrative spans time, geography, and generations, enfolding the complexity of constructing identities through displacement and migration. Through adapted narrative analysis, we examined the physical narratives of war trauma which a sample of Karen refugee women constructed, as they claimed their experiences of war trauma and torture in interview discussions. We employed an adapted narrative method relevant to the analysis of field texts to interpret the remembering and retelling of trauma narratives. This method helped to elicit positional identities and physical/sensory memories that were prominent in women's experiences and to contextualized concurrently collected quantitative data. Accounts revealed key constructs relevant to the narrative function and orientation of the narratives: remembering childhood, being a mother, embodiment of trauma. © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.