Original articlesMen's Decision-Making to Become Nurses Gendered Influences and Fit With Gender Role Conflict TheoryO'Lynn, Chad E. PhD, RN; O'Connor, Tom EdD, MSc Ad Nursing, BSc, PG Dip Ed, Dip Nur, RGN, RNT; Herakova, Liliana L. PhD; Kellett, Peter PhD, RNAuthor Information Chamberlain University, Downers Grove, Illinois (Dr O'Lynn); Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin (Dr O'Connor); University of Maine, Orono (Dr Herakova); and University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada (Dr Kellett). Correspondence: Chad E. O'Lynn, PhD, RN, Chamberlain University, 3005 Highland Pkwy, Downers Grove, IL 60515 (email@example.com). The authors thank Kathryn Hendricks for assistance with study recruitment. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Advances in Nursing Science: July/September 2020 - Volume 43 - Issue 3 - p 251-265 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000310 Buy Metrics Abstract Patriarchy has been offered as the foundational paradigm for gendered issues in nursing; however, operationalization of this paradigm in order to improve nursing workforce gender diversity is challenging. The qualitative arm of the present study explored men's decision-making to become nurses within a larger gendered context. Findings were then assessed for fit with Gender Role Conflict Theory. Findings suggest that men undergo a process in which contrasting influences are considered. The findings' congruence with gender role conflict theoretical assumptions suggests suitable conceptual fit for male recruitment and retention actions and further research. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.