Original articlesTraditional Masculinity A Review of Toxicity Rooted in Social Norms and Gender SocializationRivera, Ashley RN, MSN; Scholar, JonasAuthor Information Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton. Correspondence: Ashley Rivera RN, MSN, Jonas Scholar, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL 33431 (firstname.lastname@example.org). The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Advances in Nursing Science: January/March 2020 - Volume 43 - Issue 1 - p E1-E10 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000284 Buy Metrics Abstract The toxicity of traditional masculinity has become a heated topic of mainstream media debate since the American Psychological Association's release of psychological treatment guidelines for men and boys. To recognize how traditional masculinity is toxic, there needs to be greater understanding of the social norms and gender socialization behind traditional masculinity. Gender-based social norms and gender socialization have had dire consequences on how men behave, act in relationships, and care for their health. There is a need to reform the perception of masculinity in the contemporary social climate. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.