Original articlesEmbodying Caring Science as Islamic Philosophy of Care Implications for Nursing PracticeAlmukhaini, Salma Juma MScN; Goldberg, Lisa PhD, RN; Watson, Jean PhD, AHN-BC, FAANAuthor Information School of Nursing, Faculty of Health (Dr Goldberg), Dalhousie University (Ms Almukhaini), Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; and Watson Caring Science Institute Boulder, Colorado (Dr Watson). Correspondence: Salma Juma Almukhaini, MScN, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3J 4b3, Canada ([email protected]). The first author acknowledges the support she received from Dr Lisa Goldberg in writing the manuscript. No conflict of interest. Advances in Nursing Science: January/March 2020 - Volume 43 - Issue 1 - p 62-74 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000300 Buy Metrics Abstract Despite the diversity and complexity of nursing theories, including those embedded with a philosophy of caring, few if any have aligned their assumptions with an Islamic philosophy of caring. To do so would call into question the compatibility of such caring for some Muslim scholars. The purpose of this article is to understand how and why an Islamic philosophy of care can be taken up through an application of Watson's caring science. In doing so, a broader understanding of caring is provided for nurses and other health care providers who work with Muslim communities in the context of care provision. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.