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Complicated Grief of Immediate Family Caregivers

A Concept Analysis

Mason, Tina M. MSN, ARNP, AOCN, AOCNS; Tofthagen, Cindy S. PhD, ARNP, AOCNP, FAANP, FAAN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000243
Original Articles

Grieving is a normal reaction to loss; however, not everyone is able to recover from grief and adjust to a life after the loss. “Complicated grief” (CG) is a term used to describe intense and prolonged bereavement after the loss of a loved one that interferes with normal activities accompanied by destructive thoughts and behaviors. In practice and research, the concept of CG varies in definition and instruments used to measure. This concept analysis examines relevant research related to CG experienced by caregivers to provide a clear, comprehensive definition. Implications for nursing practice and research are explored.

University of South Florida College of Nursing, Tampa (Ms Mason); and Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida (Dr Tofthagen).

Correspondence: Tina M. Mason, MSN, ARNP, AOCN, AOCNS, Moffitt Cancer Center, 12902 Magnolia Dr, Tampa, FL 33612 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.