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Caring for Children Who Are Technology-Dependent and Their Families

The Application of Watson's Caring Science to Guide Nursing Practice

Breneol, Sydney BScN; Goldberg, Lisa PhD; Watson, Jean PhD

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000238
Section: General Feature Articles

Advancements in the medical field have resulted in an increased number of children with complex chronic conditions that may depend on technology to sustain or optimize life. Given that nurses provide substantial physical and emotional care for these children and families during their frequent hospitalizations, the development of an authentic caring relationship is imperative. A critical review of the literature examining the experiences and unmet care needs of this population was carried out and analyzed using Watson's Caring Science to explore how nurses can create an authentic caring relationship and environment for children who are technology-dependent and their families.

School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (Ms Breneol and Dr Goldberg); and Watson Caring Science Institute, Boulder, Colorado (Dr Watson).

Correspondence: Sydney Breneol, BScN, Strengthening Transitions in Care Lab, IWK Health Centre, 8th Floor Children's Site, 5980 University Ave, Halifax, NS B3K 6R8, Canada (

Authors Contributions: All authors made substantial contributions to the conception of the manuscript. S.B. and L.G. designed and mapped the aim and methods of this article. S.B. drafted the initial manuscript. L.G. and J.W. edited the manuscript and provided substantive intellectual content.

S.B. is supported by funding from the Predoctoral Killam Scholarship, Doctoral Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation Scotia Scholars Award, Dalhousie University School of Nursing PhD Scholarship, Helen Watson Memorial Scholarship, and the BRIC NS Student Research Award.

There are no conflicts of interest to declare.

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