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Spiritual Knowing

Another Pattern of Knowing in the Discipline

Willis, Danny G., DNS, RN, PMHCNS-BC, FAAN; Leone-Sheehan, Danielle M., MS, RN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000236
The Focus of the Discipline

Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing have historically served to clarify the substance and structure of the discipline, significantly contributing to nursing's body of knowledge. In this article, we continue the scholarly conversation on patterns of knowing in nursing by advancing spiritual knowing as a pattern of knowing that helps advance nursing's agenda toward universal well-being and critical during this time toward interdisciplinarity. Implications for nursing are explored in relation to enduring and new questions that require our attention related to human beings, their environments, and healing.

University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Nursing (Dr Willis); and William F. Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (Ms Leone-Sheehan).

Correspondence: Danny G. Willis, DNS, RN, PMHCNS-BC, FAAN, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Nursing, 1157 Signe Skott Cooper Hall, 701 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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