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Perspectives on the Unitary Transformative Person-Environment-Health Process for the Knowledge Base of Nursing

Smith, Mary Jane, PhD, RN, FAAN; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J., PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000250
The Focus of the Discipline

Nursing knowledge development continues to face significant challenges, as there is not yet widespread acceptance of the important role of nursing theory in research, education, and professional practice. The purpose of this article is to describe perspectives on person, environment, health from different levels of knowledge development for the discipline of nursing. The authors recommend continued discourse among nurse scholars to advance the discipline of nursing globally.

School of Nursing, West Virginia University, Morgantown (Dr Smith); and Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio (Dr Fitzpatrick).

Correspondence: Mary Jane Smith, PhD, RN, FAAN, School of Nursing, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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