Featured ArticlesRealism and Relativism in the Development of Nursing as a DisciplineHirani, Shela Akbar Ali MScN, RN, BScN, IBCLC; Richter, Solina PhD, RN, DCur; Salami, Bukola Oladunni PhD, RN, MNAuthor Information Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Correspondence: Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, MScN, RN, BScN, IBCLC, Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, AB T6G 1C9 Canada ([email protected]). The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Advances in Nursing Science: April/June 2018 - Volume 41 - Issue 2 - p 137-144 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000207 Buy Metrics Abstract In today's era of nursing, the role of a unique disciplinary knowledge that is grounded in philosophy is essential to inform nursing practice, fill knowledge gaps, improve the quality of nursing education, and guide the theoretical development of nursing. Realism and relativism have contributed to the development of the nursing discipline by providing the basis of evidence-based nursing practice, nursing research, nursing education, and theoretical construction. This article explores the role of realism and relativism in the development of the discipline of nursing and presents their contributions to the work of nurse clinicians, nurse researchers, nurse educators, and nurse theorists. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.