Kirkpatrick, Amanda J. MSN, RN-BC; Cantrell, Mary Ann PhD, RN, FAAN; Smeltzer, Suzanne C. EdD, RN, FAAN
College of Nursing (Dr Cantrell and Ms Kirkpatrick) and Center for Nursing Research (Dr Smeltzer), Villanova University, Pennsylvania; and College of Nursing, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska (Ms Kirkpatrick).
Correspondence: Amanda J. Kirkpatrick, MSN, RN-BC, College of Nursing, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Criss 2, Office 222, Omaha, NE 68178 ([email protected]).
Thank you to Dr Betty Ferrell and Dr Polly Mazanec, whose encouragement, guidance, and support at a recent ELNEC conference enabled a deeper understanding of palliative care nursing. Both offered consultation and recommendations for the revision and development of figures and tables included in this article. Regards and blessings also to the academic and practicing palliative care experts who reviewed and validated the CHAARM approach as a comprehensive description of the minimum competency expected of prelicensure nursing students. These experts include Drs Mary Tracy, Maribeth Hercinger, Helen Chapple, Cindy Selig, Kiran Hapke, Ms Leslie Kuhnel, and Ms Sara Trampe.The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.