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Emancipatory Nursing Praxis

A Theory of Social Justice in Nursing

Walter, Robin R. PhD, RN, CNE

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000157
Original Articles

Emancipatory nursing praxis (ENP) is a middle-range nursing theory of social justice developed from an international, grounded theory study of the critical factors influencing nurses' perceptions of their role in social justice. The ENPs implementing processes (becoming, awakening, engaging, and transforming) and 2 conditional contexts (relational and reflexive) provide an in-depth understanding of the transformative learning process that determines nurse engagement in social justice. Interpretive findings include the voice of Privilege primarily informed ENP theory, the lack of nursing educational and organizational support in social justice role development, and the advocate role should expand to include the role of an ally.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Barry University, Miami Shores, Florida.

Correspondence: Robin R. Walter, PhD, RN, CNE, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Barry University, Weigand Rm 109, 11300 NE 2nd Ave, Miami Shores, FL 33161 (

Conflicts of interest and source of funding: None declared.

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