Using Theory Integration to Explore Complex Health ProblemsQuinn, Brenna L. PhD, RN, NCSNAdvances in Nursing Science: July/September 2016 - Volume 39 - Issue 3 - p 235–243 doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000126 Original Articles Buy SDC Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Although nursing leaders call for theory utilization in research, use remains low within the discipline. The purpose of this article is to explore the application of interdisciplinary integration of models and theories to nursing research. An example of theory integration for the purposes of guiding a study relevant to school nursing is described. A conceptual-theoretical-empirical structure based on the Neuman's systems model, a nursing theory, integrated with the social communication model of pain, a psychology model, was developed to guide the study to examine pain assessment for schoolchildren with intellectual and developmental disabilities. School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts Lowell. Correspondence: Brenna L. Quinn, PhD, RN, NCSN, School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts Lowell, 113 Wilder St, Ste 200, Lowell, MA 01854 (Brenna_Quinn@uml.edu). The author thanks Dr Barbara Mawn for her editorial assistance and guidance in developing in the manuscript. The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.