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An Interview With Dr Barbara A. Carper

Eisenhauer, Elizabeth R. RN, BSN, MLS

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000067
Original Articles

In 1978, Dr Barbara A. Carper's foundational work, “Fundamental Patterns of Knowing in Nursing,” arguably created a paradigm shift in nursing. However, her voice has been absent from the nursing literature in recent years. I was privileged to conduct a personal interview with Dr Carper in 2014. The edited interview includes a synopsis of her background, career trajectory, sources of inspiration, and her perspective on the current state of nursing. She reaffirmed her passion for reflective nursing practice, the importance incorporating the arts and humanities into nursing education, and using an integrated approach with the patterns of knowing in nursing.

School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Correspondence: Elizabeth R. Eisenhauer, RN, BSN, MLS, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, 400 North Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (

The author has no conflicts of interest to declare.

Funding: No funding was received specifically for this research.

Elizabeth Eisenhauer is a recipient of the 2014-2016 Jonas Nurse Leader Scholar Award.

The author thanks Dr Barbara A. Carper for allowing this interview; Dr Lienne D. Edwards for her assistance in contacting Dr Carper; Dr Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren for being an excellent mentor and confidant; Dr Jacqueline Fawcett for her inspirational examples of interviews with the Nurse Theorists; and 3 anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

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