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Caring as Emancipatory Nursing Praxis: The Theory of Relational Caring Complexity

Ray, Marilyn A. PhD, RN, CTN-A, FAAN; Turkel, Marian C. PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FAAN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000024
Original Articles

In the culture of health care, nurses are challenged to understand their values and beliefs as humanistic within complex technical and economically driven bureaucratic systems. This article outlines the language of social justice and human rights and the advance of a Theory of Relational Caring Complexity, which offers insights into caring as emancipatory nursing praxis. Recommendations provide knowledge of the struggle to balance economics, technology, and caring. As nurses practice from a value-driven, philosophical, and ethical social justice framework, they will find “their voice” and realize the full potential that the power of caring has on patient and organizational outcomes.

United States Air Force Nurse Corps and The Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida (Dr Ray); and Professional Nursing Practice, Albert Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Turkel).

Correspondence: Marilyn A. Ray, PhD, RN, CTN-A, FAAN, Colonel (retired) US Air Force, Nurse Corps, The Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2014Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins