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Uniting Postcolonial, Discourse, and Linguistic Theory to Explore Participation of African Americans in Cancer Research as an Effect of Social and Historical Race Relationships

Somayaji, Darryl, PhD, RN, CNS, CCRC; Cloyes, Kristin Gates, PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000015
Original Articles
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This article uses a historical framework of postcolonialism; discourse analytic concepts (significance, identity, and relationships); and 5 social and cultural linguistic principles of emergence, positionality, indexicality, relationality, and partialness as a theoretical and methodological triangulation approach to data analysis of focus group discussion. Exemplars of focus group data from a study exploring African American participation in research demonstrate the application of this combined framework as a useful tool for analysis. This approach allows for examination of identity and interaction and generates a more rigorous and complete understanding of how individuals use language to construct identity as participants or nonparticipants in research.

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/University of Massachusetts Boston, The Phyllis F. Cantor Center, Boston, Massachusetts, and Adjunct Associate Professor of Oncology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York (Dr Somayaji); and College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.

Correspondence: Darryl Somayaji, PhD, RN, CNS, CCRC, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, University of Massachusetts Boston, The Phyllis F. Cantor Center, 450 Brookline Avenue, L522, Boston, MA 02115 (darryl_somayaji@dfci.harvard.edu).

Dissertation committee members are Pamela Hardin, PhD, RN, Director, Nursing Education Graduate Program, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Kathleen Mooney, PhD, RN, FAAN, Distinguished Professor, College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Erin Rothwell, PhD, Research Assistant Professor, College Of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; and Mary Reid, PhD, Associate Professor of Oncology, Director of Collaborative Research, Department of Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York.

Mentors in Post-Doctoral Program are Mary E. Cooley, PhD, RN, FAAN, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Donna Berry, PhD, RN, FAAN, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; and Laura L. Hayman, PhD, RN, FAAN, University of Massachusetts, Boston.

American Cancer Society Doctoral Degree Scholarship in Cancer Nursing Award ID: 113737-DSCN-07-131-01-SCN; 117201-DSCNR-07-137-03-SCN.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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